In recent years, technology has continued to grow and evolve in nearly every industry within the business world, providing more resources than ever before. This is especially true within the healthcare industry, as technology has provided more innovations to provide life-saving care. The neonatal care intensive unit, which is also commonly known as the NICU, is an area of healthcare that continues to use technology for its needs. Learn more about some of the most common technologies that are used within the NICU. 

Pulmonary Function Tests

When a baby is having trouble with breathing, they may be given a pulmonary function test to help look at how well the lungs are working. The test looks at things that impact the lungs, including lung volume, capacity, and gas exchange. If there are concerns about the baby, the functions test can help determine what disorders are present. 

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure

Another technology that can help with a baby’s breathing issues is continuous positive airway pressure, or CPAP. The CPAP is used to help a baby who is struggling to breathe or maintain normal airflow. This is completed by placing a breathing tube into the baby to help better open the airways. 

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)

If there are concerns of heart or lung failure within a baby, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation may be used. This approach takes the baby’s blood and filters it through an artificial lunch to help boost a baby’s system while they recover. While this approach is not always used, it is a great option when other treatments have not worked. 

High-Frequency Oscillatory Ventilators

Doctors may use the high-frequency oscillatory ventilator if a baby experiences respiratory distress. This type of ventilator is used to help protect the baby’s lungs from further damage and provides the assistance needed to help aid in recovery. This approach is typically taken when other measures have failed. 

While countless other technologies are used within the NICU, these are all crucial for providing the treatment needed for recovery.